- General Assembly setting stage for action on Confederate monuments
- On first day of General Assembly session, Charlottesville residents rally in support of monument legislation
Editor’s note: The original version of this story failed to mention that Charlottesville Tomorrow requested interviews with each city councilor on the city’s plans for its Confederate monuments and only councilors Lloyd Snook and Sena Magill responded. Snook gave an interview and Magill emailed a statement. The story has been updated to reflect this.
Although a new Virginia law granting local governments the authority to remove their Confederate statues begins July 1, it may be some time before Charlottesville’s monuments could come down.
“We have all said at various times about what we want to do about the monuments,” said Lloyd Snook, a council member. “We’ve all said something to the effect of wanting to remove them.”
But before that can happen, a circuit court judge must lift an injunction barring the city from removing its monuments.
Councilor Sena Magill sent a statement that council was working to dissolve the injunction and carry on the process to remove the statues. No other councilors responded to Charlottesville Tomorrow’s requests for interviews on the city’s plans for the monuments.
The Monument Fund, a group formed in 2016, sued the city to stop the removal, disturbance or damage of the city’s Robert E. Lee and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson monuments, saying it violated state law protecting them. The group won an injunction last year.
But with the new monuments law giving localities the right to remove them, the Monuments Fund requested part of the injunction be dissolved.
“Rather than extending the litigation at great cost to both parties, the plaintiffs seek an early resolution by modifying the language of the existing permanent injunction to reflect the language of the new law,” the June 5 release read.
Though the steps to remove the monuments are outlined by the legislation that passed earlier this year, Charlottesville Circuit Court Judge Richard Moore would still need to alter the injunction as the plaintiffs have requested before Charlottesville’s council can begin the process.
“The basis for the litigation has disappeared because of the modification for the statue,” said Rich Schragger, a law professor at University of Virginia. “The judge should just lift it on his own accord.”
According to Schragger, because the injunction is a court order, it cannot “go away until the judge says so.”
While there is no longer a legal basis for the injunction, without the judge acting on it, the injunction still has to be obeyed as law.
“If the court refuses to rescind the injunction, then the city could appeal, and presumably the Virginia Supreme Court would order the trial judge to modify or rescind it,” Schragger explained. “But right now there is an injunction, even if it no longer has a legal basis.”
Judge Moore could not be reached for comment at the time of this story.
As of July 1, Virginian localities seeking to remove monuments must hold a public hearing that has had 30 days notice.
July 1 might be the first day city councils and boards of supervisors across the state could legally take next steps should they wish to remove or relocate their monuments, but Charlottesville city council doesn’t have another meeting scheduled until July 20.
“I know a lot of people out there want the statues down three years ago,” Snook said. “We want to make sure whatever decision we make, that it is the product of a lot of consideration and community input and factors people may not be thinking of right now. That will mean it’s going to be slower than meeting on July 1 and saying ‘whoop they’re gone.’”
The history so far
- 1904: The General Assembly passes a law allowing for the construction and protection of war memorials. Initially, it only applies to counties and only covers Confederate monuments
- 1921: Confederate Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson statue erected in what is now Court Square Park
- 1924: Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee statue erected in what is now Market Street Park
- 1997: War memorial law extended to include cities
- 2016: Zyahna Bryant, then a student at Charlottesville High School, petitions the City Council for the removal of the statue of Lee and the renaming of Lee Park
- 2017: Growing support of Bryant’s work and the 2016 Blue Ribbon Commission on Race, Memorials and Public Spaces compels the Charlottesville City Council to vote for the removal of both the Lee and Jackson statues
- A lawsuit is filed to halt the city’s plans to remove the statue, citing state law
- White supremacists come to Charlottesville throughout the summer, culminating in the deadly Aug. 12 rally
- 2019: A judge rules that the City Council statue vote was in violation of state law
- Democrats take control of the General Assembly, setting the state for altering the state law barring the removal of war memorials
- 2020: The plaintiffs in the suit are awarded more than $300,000 in attorney’s fees; the city appeals the decision
- General Assembly passes legislation granting localities authority of their monuments to take effect July 1